A Systematic Review of Nutrition Policies in Schools

School administrators and public health officials are important players in the choices our children make during meals at school. This evidence review of environmental and policy strategies to improve school nutrition from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) helps decision-makers find the right program to achieve healthy outcomes in their schools. UPenn PRC Director and George A. Weiss University Professor, Karen Glanz, PhD, MPH worked with colleagues from the Community Preventive Services Task Force (known as the “Community Guide”), to conduct systematic reviews of the evidence about four types of interventions, evaluating their effectiveness in promoting healthy dietary behaviors and weight.

 

The first review assessed the availability of healthy foods and beverages for lunch or snacks at school. The second examined the healthy options sold or offered in schools, such as at fundraisers, in vending machines, and at snack bars. The third review looked at a combination of the strategies examined in the first two reviews, and the fourth evaluated the access to safe, free drinking water in schools.

 

Studies were included in the review if the primary setting was in schools, programs or policies were aimed at obesity prevention or healthy weight promotion to the general student population, took place in kindergarten through high school, and reported a dietary or weight-related outcome estimated to be at least six months after the intervention program or policy began.

 

After filtering through over 27,000 studies, reviewers identified 54 studies that matched the criteria. Among these studies, they found evidence of effectiveness for preventing or maintaining healthy weight status with two intervention approaches:  improving the availability of healthy food and beverages for lunch or snacks at school, and multicomponent interventions including healthier meals and snacks.

 

Read more about the data extraction, the outcomes of interest, and the evidence of effectiveness in the full article, published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, July 2020 issue.


 

 

 

 

Wethington H, Finnie R, Buchanan L, Okasako-Schmucker D, Mercer S, Merlo C, Wang Y, Pratt C, Ochiai E, Glanz K, the Community Preventive Services Task Force. Healthier Food and Beverage Interventions in Schools: Four Community Guide Systematic Reviews. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, July 2020; 59(1): e15-e26.

 

Public Health Researchers – Meet CORIDOR, the CDC’s new online resource database

The CDC is pleased to announce the launch of CORIDOR,  the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion’s (NCCDPHP) Collection of Online Resources & Inventory Database.  CORIDOR  is an organized and readily accessible source for public health practitioners to use in planning, implementation, and evaluation of state and national chronic disease prevention and health promotion initiatives. The resources included are primarily practice-based and represent science and practice promoted by CDC and CDC funded partners to address chronic disease conditions and risk factors. Tools include model policies and programs, guides, toolkits, and other resources for a variety of audiences with a range of skills.

 

American Journal of Preventative Medicine Journal Supplement on 30 Year Anniversary of the Prevention Research Centers Program

 

 

 

 

 

The American Journal of Preventative Medicine March 2017 Supplement focuses on the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Network and how applied prevention research addresses health disparities and promotes health equity. With a commitment to promoting health for all, the PRC Network has made great strides in developing, testing, and disseminating programs and policies that have had broad and sustained impact. The PRC Program supports research that identifies unique public health solutions for those who are experiencing health disparities.

PRCs conduct community engaged research that supports the mission of the PRC Program by:

1. serving as the hub for conducting high-impact and innovative applied public health prevention research

2. conducting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-supported PRC research focusing on ways to maximize public health resources and reduce healthcare costs, with an emphasis on the leading causes of disease and disability

3. serving as a leader in the field of prevention research for conducting, disseminating, and implementing quality research

4. investing in PRCs and thus supporting their infrastructure and core resources, strengthening centers’ ability to leverage outside resources and expand their reach and impact

5. engaging local communities and serving a resource for public health partners

6. capitalizing on the collaboration and partnership with health departments and other public health partners to translate promising research findings into practical, cost-effective prevention programs relevant to the needs of the communities

7. collaborating with many partners to train and prepare the public health workforce to assess and evaluate existing health programs or policies.

The supplement includes 21 peer-reviewed original research articles from PRC academic and community partners. These articles are varied and show the depth and scope of their work. The articles cover topics such as dissemination and implementation of long-standing evidence-based programs, research to practice in state and local public health settings, collaboration with community partners, use of community health workers or promotoras, and training of the public health workforce. One of the main pillars of the PRC Program is that it promotes the translation of evidence-based interventions or disseminating/implementing such programs among varied populations. For example, this issue contains papers on the health of African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, deaf populations, adolescents, older adults, and rural under-resourced populations. Other articles deal with measuring the impact of a national media intervention implemented across the PRC Network, evaluating healthy food incentive programs, assessing fall risk prevention programs, and promoting teen contraceptive through parental intervention. In addition, four of the papers cover topics associated with the PRC Thematic Research Networks, including managing epilepsy, cancer prevention and control, healthy aging, and physical activity policy research.

UPenn PRC Hosts National PRC Network Meeting

UPenn PRC Hosts National PRC Network Meeting

From November 16 – 18, 2016, the UPenn PRC hosted the Annual Meeting of the Prevention Research Centers in the CDC PRC program.The meeting also marked a milestone anniversary for the PRC program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, celebrating 30 Years of Creating Healthier Communities.

Coming from 24 states across the US, PRC researchers and staff gathered on the Penn campus to focus on identifying new ways to enhance collaboration across the PRC network and to increase the impact of the innovative, applied prevention research conducted by the PRCs.

The meeting kicked-off in the Lower Egyptian Gallery of the Penn Museum of Archeaology with a lecture by Patrick McGovern, the Scientific Director of the museum’s Biomolecular Archaeology Project for Cuisine, Fermented Beverages, and Health.

On Thursday and Friday, participants met in working groups, committee meetings and CDC program sessions to share their work and focus on strengthening collaboration across the PRC network.  Thanks to everyone who made this an outstanding event!

 

 

Want to see more? Check out the links below to see slide shows of each day’s events.